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Amravati

 

Forest

The district exhibits two distinct geographical regions, viz., the plain regions in the east and south-east and the hilly regions of the Satpuda ranges in north and north-west. The plain region is extensively cultivated and forests appear only in dotted, scattered patches. The hilly region is an extensive block of compact forests called Melghat and contains an abundance of rich teak trees. The percentage of the forest area to total area in the district is 30.43, and is unevenly distributed.

Tree Forests.

These include the forests of Melghat capable of producing big-size teak and timber of other type.

Minor Forests.

These include the forests in the outskirts of Melghat and those in the plain regions, which are capable of producing small-size timber poles of teak, etc. These forests also supply fire-wood, thorns and grass and serve as good pastures for grazing the cattle.

Babul Bans.

These are artificially created forests of Babul (Acacia arabica) in the cultivated plain tracts and lie dotted over the area.

Ramnas and Pasture Forests.

These include open forests with sparse tree growth and lie mostly in the plain regions of the district, where an intense demand exists for grass and grazing.

Utilization.

The forests are managed under regular working plans, the object being the supply of large-size timber for commercial use. The minor forests like Babul Bans and the Ramnas and pasture lands are being maintained to supply the local demand for small-size timber, fuel, grass and grazing.

Tahsilwise Distribution of Forests.

The tahsilwise distribution of the forests is as follows: -

Amravati Tahsil.

The area of the reserved forests is 45.5 square miles or 5.5 per cent of the total district area under forests and constitutes 6 square miles of Babul Bans and 39.5 square miles of Ramnas and pasture lands.

Chandur Tahsil.

The area of the reserved forests in this tahsil is 53.5 square miles or 8 per cent of the total, of which 19 square miles is under major forests and 34.5 square miles under Ramnas and pastures. The forests are of dry and deciduous type con-taining salai and other scrubs. Suitable areas have, however, been planted with teak, anjan, chandan and bamboos. The percentage of the forest area in the tahsil is 8.

Daryapur Tahsil.

The area of the reserved forests in Daryapur tahsil is 4 square miles constituting 0.7 square mile of Babul Bans and 3.7 square miles of pasture forests. The percentage of forests in this tahsil is 0.8 of the total.